In number of pages, the Torah (Genesis through Deuteronomy, also called the Law, the Law of Moses, the Books of Moses, or just “Moses,” and the Pentateuch, meaning “Five Scrolls”) constitutes more than 20% of the Hebrew Bible. It has always been regarded by the Jews as the first and most important part. Here are some biblical commentaries to serve as tools for understanding the Torah. Here and there, to help you along, I have added comments, which are all in this same navy-blue color and in bold. —Steve
Commentary on the Torah
By Richard Elliott Friedman / Harpercollins Publishing (paperback edition)From the critically acclaimed author of The Hidden Book in the Biblecomes an all-new translation of the five books of Moses, together with the original Hebrew text and insightful commentary. Friedman, a top Jewish scholar, integrates recent biblical discoveries with his own expertise in comparative literature to present the Torah as one cohesive literary masterpiece. 704 pages, soft cover from HarperCollins.
Mercer Commentary on the Bible, Volume 1–Pentateuch/ Torah
By Edited by Watson E. Mills & Richard F. Wilson / Mercer Press
Volume 1 of the Mercer Commentary on the Bible (MCB) comprises commentaries on the Pentateuch/Torah with several appropriate articles from the Mercer Dictionary of the Bible (MDB). This convenient text is for the classroom and in fact for anyone who wishes to focus on other appropriate groups of canonical writings. Each volume includes MCB commentaries and appropriate articles from MDB.
The Five Books of Miriam: A Woman’s Commentary on the Torah
By Ellen Frankel / Harpercollins Publishing(PUBHarperCollins) Now in softcover!
The noted folklorist creates imaginative conversations between figures in the Torah (Miriam, Esther, Dinah, Lilith) and leading female voices throughout Jewish history, debating major aspects of work, marriage, women’s role in community, one’s relationship to God, and lots more. 384 pages, softcover.
40 Questions About Christians and Biblical Law
By Thomas R. Schreiner / Kregel Academic & Professional
Pastors, students, and laypeople will welcome Schreiner’s easy-to-understand Q&A interpretation of the interplay between the Levitical law of the Old Testament, the law of love laid out in the New Testament—and the implications of both for contemporary issues such as the Sabbath, tithing, theonomy, and preaching. Includes annotated bibliography; and Scripture and ancient sources indexes.
God Spake By Moses
By Oswald T. Allis / P & R Publishing
As a leading conservative scholar of his generation, Allis (1880-1973) defends the Mosaic authorship of the entire Pentateuch and focuses on the Pentateuch as a revelation from God to His chosen people. This volume has been in print for so long because of its value as a resource for those accepting God’s Word at face value: His message for humanity inspired by His Spirit. Highly recommended. —Steve For a taste of Allis’s positions and writing style, read this excerpt: “The Mosaic Tradition and the Consequences of Rejecting It”.
Exploring the Old Testament, Volume 1: A Guide to the Pentateuch
By Gordon J. Wenham / IVP Academic
Exploring the Old Testament Volume 1: A Guide to the Pentateuch aims to help students study the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Like other volumes in the EOT and ENT series, it is intended to give the student a primary resource to enable him or her to study the texts independently. It provides an introduction to each book, which includes a survey of the main trends in recent study of the book, and takes a look at some of the literary techniques used in the Pentateuch, including its numerous rhetorical devices. A basic commentary, pointers to theological interpretation and interactive panels are provided throughout the book, as well as an in-depth discussion of the composition of the Pentateuch, and its history. All Scripture quotations are taken from the new English Standard Version, (ESV) unless otherwise noted. Each chapter is supplied with lists ofcommentaries and other works, so as to open a range of critical and interpretative literature on the Psalms and Wisdom literature.
They Loved the Torah: What Yeshua’s First Followers Really Thought About the Law
By David Friedman / Messianic Jewish Publishers
Did Yeshua observe the Law? Did Paul teach his congregations to abandon the Torah? Was the devout Jew, Peter, persuaded that the Commandments were cancelled? The answers you’ll find in this book may surprise you. Even though many Jews believe that Paul taught against the Law, this book disproves that notion. Most Christians are disconnected from the Torah; reading this book will reconnect them. Dr. Friedman makes an excellent case for his premise that all the first followers of Messiah were not only Torah-observant, but also desired to spread their love for God’s entire Word to the Gentiles to whom they preached.
The Pentateuch as Narrative
By John H. Sailhamer / Zondervan
The Pentateuch as Narrative focuses on the narrative and literary continuity of the Pentateuch as a whole rather than individual books. It seeks to disclose how the original Jewish readers may have viewed this multivolume work of Moses. Its central thesis is that the Pentateuch was written from the perspective of one who had lived under the Law of the Covenant established at Mount Sinai and had seen its failure to produce genuine trust in the Lord God of Israel. In this context, the Pentateuch pointed the reader forward to the hope of the New Covenant, based on divine faithfulness. Throughout the commentary Dr. Sailhamer pays close attention to and interacts with a wide range of classical and contemporary literature on the Pentateuch, written by Jews, Catholics and Protestants.
The Meaning of the Pentateuch: Revelation, Composition, and Interpretation
By John H. Sailhamer / IVP Academic
John H. Sailhammer has produced a monumental theological exposition of the Torah in The Meaning of the Pentateuch: Revelation, Composition, and Interpretation that will take its place alongside, and make an excellent companion to, his classic The Pentateuch as Narrative. This book is a crucial resource for Pastors, students, and scholars who not only want to understand the Pentateuch as a document from history, but as a richly religious, thematically coherent, and theologically authoritative Scripture.
Handbook on the Pentateuch, Second Edition
By Victor P. Hamilton / Baker
For more than twenty years, Victor Hamilton’s handbook has been introducing students to the Pentateuch. In this substantially revised second edition, Hamilton moves chapter by chapter (rather than verse by verse) through the Pentateuch. He examines the content, structure, and theology and provides useful commentary on overarching themes and connections between Old Testament texts. For those who wish to doadditional research, each chapter is appended with a bibliography of recent, relevant scholarship.
Dictionary of the Old Testament:
By Edited by T. Desmond Alexander & David W. Baker / Inter-varsity Press
The Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch is the first in a four-volume series covering the text of the Old Testament. Following in the tradition of the four award-winning IVP dictionaries focused on the New Testament and its background, this encyclopedic work is characterized by close attention to the text of the Old Testament and the ongoing conversation of contemporary scholarship. Editors T. Desmond Alexander and David W. Baker, with an international and expert group of scholars, explore the major themes and contours of the Pentateuch, examine and weigh historical issues while posing possible solutions, and offer both appreciative panoramas as well as close-up assessments of literary developments and their methods. A 2003 LOGOS Book Award Winner and an ECPA 2003 Gold Medallion Finalist.
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Holman Old Testament Commentary Volume 2
By Glen S. Martin / Broadman / Holman
Whether you’re teaching or preaching, your goal is to clearly communicate God’s Word. This third volume of the Holman Old Testament Commentary offers apt quotes, compelling illustrations, insightful verse-by-verse exposition, well-defined principles and applications, a teaching plan for each passage, and stimulating discussion starters. An excellent resource for Bible teachers and pastors. 400 pages, hardcover from Broadman & Holman.
Exodus-Deuteronomy: Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture
By Inter-varsity PressLet the wisdom of the early church fathers inform your reading of the Old Testament. Patristic interpreters from Greek, Latin, and Syriac traditions engage Scripture, offering spiritual and intellectual insights on critical issues of contemporary Christian faith and practice. Of particular note in this new ACCS volume are reflections from Origen’s 27th homily on Numbers. 400 pages, hardcover from InterVarsity.
Although I wouldn’t want this to be the only commentary I had on Exodus – Deuteronomy, it is offering something not conveniently available elsewhere: a starting point for a sense of the history of the interpretation of the biblical text. Many of the early church fathers were excellent exegetes and adept at making practical application of the text. —Steve
By Roy Gane / Zondervan Corp.
In this commentary, Roy Gane explains how Leviticus and Numbers tell of an epic journey to freedom, while illuminating and challenging modern conceptions of God. Vivid imagery of rituals, laws addressing tough issues, and narratives ranging from exultant to gut-wrenching show what it means to interact with the Lord and how to live according to his holy principles as part of a redeemed community of faith. The NIV Application Commentary Series helps bring both halves of the interpretive task together. This unique, award-winning series shows readers how to bring an ancient message into our postmodern context. It explains not only what the Bible meant but also how it speaks powerfully today.
Commentaries on Genesis, the First Book of Moses
Commentary on Genesis
By Bruce K. Waltke & Cathi J. Fredricks / Zondervan
Hebrew and Old Testament expert Bruce Waltke looks at the book of Genesis as a work of theological literature. Thus, he focuses on primary aspects of the story (narrative), including characterization, plot, theme, scene, structure, foreshadowing and irony, and balances these issues with an emphasis on the theology of Genesis which both shapes and is shaped by the narrative. He looks at the ten divine initiatives in salvation history, each delineated by a “toledot” heading (“the account of the line of…”) followed by a transitional linkage. Waltke interprets the text using twelve levels of signification (sounds, syllables, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, frames/speeches, scene parts or incidents, scenes or episodes, acts or phases, sections/cycles, book/composition), and takes the best of form, source, narrative and literary criticism to offer readers one of the best looks at the theological and literary value of Genesis, the book of beginnings.I believe that the “toledot” approach to the structure of Genesis is the correct one, which draws me to this intriguing commentary. —Steve
Kingdom Prologue: Genesis Foundations for a Covenantal Worldview
By Meredith Kline / Wipf & Stock
As intimated by the subtitle, Genesis Foundations for a Covenantal Worldview, the immediate literary focus of this study is the book of Genesis and its account of the formative ages in the eschatological movement of the kingdom of God from creation to consummation. As also indicated by the subtitle, our biblical-theological commentary on Genesis is designed to uncover the foundations of God’s covenantally administered kingdom with its major historical developments and its institutional structures and functions. In this way Kingdom Prologue seeks to provide an introductory sketch of the overall shape of the biblical worldview and the character of biblical religion.
Genesis: A New Commentary
By Meredith G. Kline, edited by Jonathan G. Kline / Hendrickson Publishers
Now available for the first time from renown author, teacher and scholar Meredith G. Kline is a brief never-before-published commentary, Genesis: A New Commentary. This posthumously published commentary on Genesis was written just after the late scholar finished his magnum opus, Kingdom Prologue (see one item above), and distills his mature views on the book of Genesis and, indeed, on Scripture as a whole.
Following an introduction that addresses the canonical function, literary-thematic framework, theological story, and authorship of Genesis, Kline separates the text into 10 structural divisions, offering insightful interpretation of each. The commentary has been edited by Kline’s grandson Jonathan G. Kline and contains a foreword by Michael S. Horton. Genesis: A New Commentary will appeal to students, pastors, and laypeople who, like so many in the Reformed community, have admired or been transformed by Kline’s teaching and writings. Kline (1922-2007) was a well-respected conservative scholar. His commentary on Genesis is probably a very good one. Its main value appears to be that it provides a quick overview of the flow of the biblical narrative in the First Book of Moses. —Steve
By John Phillips / Kregel Publications
Genesis is a book of beginnings, including the world, man, sin and the names. Exploring Genesis examines the first book of the Bible in an understandable, scholarly, and biblically based manner.
Genesis, Everyman’s Bible Commentary
By Howard Vos / Moody Publishers
The Book of Genesis is filled with new beginnings—from the moment of creation to the latter days of Joseph and Jacob. In this accessible commentary, Howard Vos explores the Bible’s first book to help you gain a deeper understanding of where we came from, who we are, and what place we have in God’s magnificent plan. His keen insights make this the ideal starting point for studying the rest of the Bible. From theEveryman’s Bible Commentary. Approx. 176 pages, softcover, Moody.
Genesis, Tyndale Old Testament Commentary
By Derek Kidner / Inter-varsity PressThe Tyndale Old Testament Commentary series is an evangelical and scholarly treatment of the Scriptures.
This work by Derek Kidner on Genesis begins with an introductory section discussing (among other things) the date, authorship, structure, and theology of Genesis. A brief outline of Genesis is offered. The commentary itself is based on sound linguistic and historical study. A good book for pastors or lay people.Here is a briefer commentary, written on a popular level. Use commentaries like this one to get your orientation at the beginning of your study of Genesis. —Steve
Genesis, NIV Application Commentary
By John Walton / Zondervan Corp.
Genesis, the newest in the NIV Application Commentary series, traces God’s mastery in creation, covenant, and history. The initial chapters of Genesis show his mastery in bringing order out of chaos. The development of the covenant brought order to his relationship with his people-through revelation and the overcoming of obstacles. Finally, God brought order to the world through his people by battling the chaos of famine and providing food. In the beginning, as today, God loves the people he created, and it is his intention to bless them in spite of rebellion and sin. Noted scholar John Walton follows the three-tiered NIV Application format (Original Meaning, Bridging Contexts, and Contemporary Significance) to reveal how this first book of the Bible applies to us today.
Genesis, Interpretation Commentary
By Walter Brueggemann / Westminster / John Knox
A brilliant examination of God’s four ”calls” in Genesis-creation, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph-and God’s call to us today through the text. 384 pages.
Brueggemann is a prolific writer whose other works include a major opus,
Theology of the Old Testament. Some regard him as the foremost evangelical Old Testament interpreter. —Steve
Genesis 1-4: A Linguistic, Literary, and Theological Commentary
By C. John Collins / P & R Publishing
Foundational to all Christian thought, the opening chapters of Genesis are packed with information about our origins, our humanity, and the significance of God’s creative act.
As both a scientist and a Hebrew scholar, Collins fully enters into this thicket, examining how later intertestamental and New Testament writers shaped a Christian worldview. 352 pages, softcover from P & R.
Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture Series: Genesis 1 – 11 by Andrew Louth, ed. / Inter-varsity Press
The rich tapestry of the creation narrative in the early chapters of Genesis proved irresistible to the thoughtful, reflective minds of the church fathers. Within them they found the beginning threads from which to weave a theology of creation, fall, and redemption. Following their mentor, the apostle Paul, they explored the profound significance of Adam as a type of Christ, the second Adam. The six days of creation proved especially attractive among the fathers as a subject for commentary, with Basil the Great and Ambrose producing well-known Hexaemerons. Similarly, Augustine devoted portions of five works to the first chapter of Genesis. As in previous volumes within the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, the range of comment contained in Genesis 1-11 spans from the first century to the eighth, from East to West, and from Greek and Latin speakers to Syriac. Especially helpful in this volume is editor Andrew Louth’s supply of Septuagintal alternative readings to the Masoretic text, which are often necessary for understanding the fathers’ flow of thought. Genesis 1-11 opens up a treasure house of ancient wisdom, allowing these faithful witnesses, some appearing here in English translation for the first time, to speak with eloquence and intellectual acumen to the church today.
Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture Series: Genesis 12 – 50 by J. Mark Sheridan, ed. / Inter-varsity Press Genesis 12-50 recounts the history of the patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. From their mentors Paul, Peter, Stephen, and the author of Hebrews, the early fathers learned to draw out the spiritual significance of the patriarchal narrative for Christian believers.
The Alexandrian school especially followed Paul’s allegorical use of the story of Sarah and Hagar as they interpreted the Genesis accounts. The Antiochene School eschewed allegorical interpretation but still sought moral lessons in the ancient narrative. For all of them the events pointed toward the promises of the age to come, the new age revealed in the resurrection of Jesus. Among the principal Greek-speaking commentators included within this volume, you will find Origen, Didymus the Blind, John Chrysostom, and Cyril of Alexandria. Among the Latin-speaking interpreters you will find Ambrose of Milan, Augustine of Hippo, Caesarius of Arles, and Bede the Venerable. Ephrem the Syrian is the most commonly cited Syriac-speaking interpreter, and the fifth-century Catena on Genesis provides access to such fathers as Eusebius of Caesarea, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa, Didymus of Alexandria, Epiphanius of Salamis, Irenaeus of Lyons, Eusebius of Emesa, Severian of Gabala, and Theodore of Mopsuestia, among others.
Genesis 1:1 – 11:26, New American Commentary
By Kenneth Mathews / Broadman / Holman
This commentary is an “exegetical and theological exposition of the Holy Scripture” based upon the New International Version text. The New American Commentary assumes the inerrancy of Scripture. The introduction analyzes the literary structure of Genesis, the structure of the Pentateuch and its relationship to Genesis, the theology of Genesis, Genesis and ancient literature, and creation and contemporary interpretation. The main body of the book consists of a verse-by-verse analysis and commentary on chapters 1-11:26. The author also includes 5 excursions: Translating 1:1-2, Interpreting the “Image of God”, The Human Soul, The Origin of Civilization in Ancient Near East Mythology, and The Revelation of the Divine Name.
Genesis 11-50: New American Commentary [NAC]
By Kenneth A. Mathews / B&H Books
Unparalleled in its importance in declaring God’s will, Genesis is the foundation of God’s Word. Beginning with Abram’s call through Joseph’s death, Mathews describes Genesis as the ordered, cohesive, and consistent work of one author, Moses. His thorough knowledge of the Hebrew text in its original linguistic and cultural context, add to the exposition as he examines Genesis’ its literary and theological contours as well as its place within the Pentateuch and the larger biblical canon. He also examines early Jewish and Christian interpretations, and considers the narrative nature of the text.
Word Biblical CommentaryGenesis 1 – 15 by Gordon Wenham / Thomas Nelson / W
Now at a very special sale price! The Word Biblical Commentary is a contemporary series for pastors and serious Bible students who want to strengthen their theological understanding of Scripture with a conservative scholarly foundation. Each volume, written by a specialist, offers a thorough scrutiny of the data (historical, textual, and archaeological) produced during the current generation of biblicalinquiry.
See my note after the second volume. —Steve
Genesis 16 – 50 by Gordon Wenham / Thomas Nelson / W
Out of his extensive examination of Genesis 16-50, Dr. Wenham has produced a careful commentary that interacts with contemporary scholarship and confirms him to be one of the finest evangelical commentators today. This commentary contains frequent reference to original languages and familiarity with Hebrew, while not essential, is helpful. Gordon J. Wenham is Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at The College of St. Paul and St. Mary in Cheltenham, England. Dr. Wenham has the BA and MA from Cambridge University and the PhD from King’s College of London University.
Wenham has written an excellent commentary on Leviticus, which makes me believe that his commentaries on Genesis will prove to be one of the best available on the foundation book of the Bible. —Steve
New International Commentary on the Old Testament – Genesis 1 – 17 by Victor P. Hamilton / Eerdmans Publishing Co. Victor P. Hamilton makes a major contribution to the study of Genesis with this volume on the first 17 chapters. His extensive introduction discusses issues such as structure, composition, theology, and canonicity related to Genesis. The commentary derives from Hamilton’s own translation and thoroughly expounds the meaning of these foundational chapters. Further, each section concludes with a discussion of how the New Testament used material from the section discussed. Written from an evangelical perspective, Hamilton’s commentary will be valuable to those seeking an in-depth understanding of Genesis.
Genesis 18 – 50 by Victor P. Hamilton / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
In this volume, Hamilton expounds Genesis 18-50 verse by verse and provides linguistic, literary, and theological commentary of its overarching theme; Yahweh’s faithfulness to his promised word and his covenant with those who were chosen to receive it. This evangelical, thorough work features a comprehensive introduction, copious footnotes, and references to the New Testament writers’ interpretations of Genesis.
Genesis, Volume 1 (1:1-25:18): An EP Study Commentary
By John D. Currid / Evangelical Press
Genesis is a book about beginnings – the creation of the universe, the formation of mankind, the establishment of the covenant and the founding of the people of Israel. Many Christians regard the Old Testament as merely a collection of interesting stories to be taught in Sunday school, but which have little application for the church today except as providing examples or illustrations from a bygone, almost barbarous age. The truth is that almost every important church doctrine is found in ‘seed’ form in the book of Genesis – creation, fall, redemption, the doctrine of the Trinity, the promise of the Messiah, The establishment of the covenant and the hope of the resurrection are all to be found here. A ‘seed’ is planted in Genesis that sprouts and grows throughout the rest of the Bible until it finds its fruition in the person and work of Jesus Christ. God created the universe; it fell through the sin of humanity; and now God is in the process of redeeming it through the work of Christ until the time of the end when all things will reach their final place. This volume covers the period from the creation up to the death of Abraham and the marriage of Isaac and Rebekah.
Genesis Volume 2 (26:1 – 50:26)
By John D. Currid / Evangelical Press
At the beginning of Scripture, the Holy Spirit through the prophet Moses introduces us at once to God in the essential fullness of his being. It is to God and God alone that we are brought. We hear him, through the divine revelation, penetrating earth’s silence, shining into the primordial darkness, with the sole intent of creating a sphere in which he might display his sovereignty, incomparability, and power. Unlike too many recent scholarly works on this book that have concentrated on the formation and development of the Pentateuch, John Currid is concerned to focus on the content and theology of this first book of the Bible. Indeed almost every important church doctrine is found in ‘seed’ form in the Book of Genesis.
Commentaries on Exodus, the Second Book of Moses
Eerdmans Critical Commentary: Exodus
By Thomas B. Dozeman / Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. In this new commentary on Exodus in the Eerdmans Critical Commentary scholar Thomas B. Dozeman examines the book of Exodus under the rubric of the myriad literary genres that occur in the book. Dozeman accepts the conclusions of the ‘literary’ of ‘higher criticism’ movement and thus believes the book was composed over time throughout Israel’s history. Yet, this does not remove theological significance of the book of Exodus. On the contrary, Dozeman demonstrates great aptitude in hand ling the book theologically, and with exceptional insight is quite skilled at relating the book to its neighboring books and the entire OT canon. This commentary is excellent for the academic setting. Whether you are looking for a commentary that treats Exodus from literary perspective, or if you want a commentary to balance the view of traditional perspectives, this book is an excellent resource.
The Book of Exodus
By Brevard S. Childs / Westminster/John Knox Press
A part of the Westminster/John Knox Old Testament Library series,The Book of Exodus is one of the many volumes groundbreaking scholar Brevard S. Childs authored in this series. Known for his “canonical” approach to Scripture, Childs here brings his vast knowledge, scholarly acumen, and Old Testament expertise to bear on the book of Exodus.
Word Biblical Commentary: Exodus, Volume 3
By John Durham / Thomas Nelson
The Word Biblical Commentary is a conservative and scholarly approach to the scriptures. This volume on Exodus by Durham begins with the text and historicity of the book as well as a discussion of past commentaries on this text. This book contains a good bibliography of commentaries and related works. The following commentary discusses the events of Exodus as well as the language and theological issues within this second book of the Pentateuch.
Exodus: The College Press NIV Commentary
y Dr. Randall C. Bailey / College Press Publishing
The book of Exodus functions as the sequel to Genesis describing God’s deliverance of the children of Israel and the establishment of a covenant between God and Israel. The rest of the Old Testament looks back on the exodus of Israel from Egypt as the primary redemptive event in Israel’s history.
This primary redemptive event became central to the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. God’s redemption of Israel became the foundation for the Israelite faith and proactive reflected in the many Old Testament allusions to the Exodus as the basis for:
- Obedience to the covenant
- Proper ethical treatment of others
- The establishment of the sovereignty of God
- A national dateline marking the nation’s history
- A standard for the measurement of all subsequent events
For the Christian, Exodus serves similar functions, pointing to the important work of redemption as seen in the New Testament’s record of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. These issues impact significantly the purpose and hermeneutics of this commentary.
The reader with a good understanding of both the Old and New Testaments sees in the Exodus God’s deliverance of Israel foreshadowing the death of Christ and the establishment of the church.
Exodus, New American Commentary
By Douglas K. Stuart / B & H Publishing Group
Israel’s liberation from bondage to Pharaoh is one of the great turningpoints in Old Testament history. Defending the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch and the historicity of the plagues and wanderings in the wilderness, Stuart throws considerable light on the book’s literary, theological, and sociological dimensions.
The Message of Exodus: The Bible Speaks Today Series
By J. Alec Motyer / Inter-varsity Press
The Book of Exodus holds an esteemed place in the Old Testament, and the shadow of its influence reaches as far as Revelation, where an abundance of themes from Exodus echo off its pages. In Exodus, Israel begins as an enslaved people, in service to Egyptian taskmasters. By the end of the book, Israel is again in service–to its sovereign Lord in the service of worship. Between these poles, Moses is called, God’s name is revealed, Israel is delivered, the law is given, the plan of the tabernacle is unveiled, and all is nearly lost when Israel rebels in the wilderness. It is an epic saga, and in it lies the key to understanding so much of the Bible. Under Alec Motyer’s expert guidance, we explore the terrain of Exodus, weigh its themes and view our own lives and times through its timeless lens.
Exodus Tyndale Old Testament Commentary
By R. Alan Cole / IVP Academic
Exodus, Cole says, is ‘the centre of the Old Testament’. It recounts the supreme Old Testament example of the saving acts of God, narrates the instituting of Passover and enshrines the giving of God’s law. It portrays Moses, the prototype of all Israel’s prophets, and Aaron, the first high priest. This classic commentary has been completely retypset and presented in a fresh, vibrant new large paperback format, with new global branding. The Tyndale Bible Commentaries are designed to help the reader of the Bible understand what the text says and what it means. The Introduction to each book gives a concise but thorough treatment of its authorship, date, original setting and purpose. Following a structural Analysis, the Commentary takes the book section by section,drawing out its main themes, and also comments on individual verses and problems of interpretation. Additional Notes provide fuller discussion of particular difficulties. The aim throughout is to explain the true meaning of the Bible and make its message plain. The late R. Alan Cole was lecturer in Old Testament at Moore Theological College, Sydney, and Trinity Theological College, Singapore.
The Preacher’s Commentary Vol 2: Exodus
By Maxie D. Dunnam / Thomas Nelson / W
Volume 2: Exodus THE COMMENTARY FOR PREACHERS! For those on the firing line – in pulpits, classes, Bible study programs, and fellowships there is a distinctly different kind of commentary. The Preachers Commentary Series combines rich resources of historical setting and textual interpretation with spiritual insights and contemporary illustrations specifically designed for communicators. The result is are source by preachers/teachers for preachers/teachers. It is complete with outlines section by section expositions, illustrations and applications. This authoritative commentary provides the ultimate resource for sermon and lesson preparations. General editor Lloyd J. Ogilvie brings together a team of skilled and exceptional communicators blending sound scholarship with life related instructions. Their insights can guide you through every chapter and book of the Bible. And their organization and presentation of the material can help you share God’s Word more effectively with others.
- Paragraph by paragraph exposition
- Fresh insights into Scripture
- Contemporary application
- Rich outlines and illustrations
- Innovative ideas for communicating God’s Word with vigor and vitality
- 364 page softcover from Thomas Nelson.
Dr. Maxie D. Dunnam is president of Asbury Theological Seminary in Wilmore, Kentucky. Widely known as an evangelist, leader and pioneer in small group ministries, he organized and served three United Methodist churches before joining the Upper Room Fellowship. He created the Upper Room Crusillo that later became The Walk to Emmaus. He has served other churches and authored over 40 books as well as video/study correspondence courses. He and his wife, Jerry Lynn, have three children.
Exodus: A Mentor Commentary
By John L. Mackay / Christian Focus Public
The Book of Exodus is about a journey: a journey out of Egypt, but more particularly a journey from a land where God’s power, sovereignty and continuing interest in his people could be easily questioned, to a place where God dwelt in the midst of his people. Exodus describes God’s power, his redemption of his people, his covenant requirements at Sinai, and the rules of his worship. 623 pages, hardcover from Christian Focus Publications.
God of Freedom & Life: A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
By Stephen Binz / Liturgical Press
No book of the Bible is more important for an understanding of salvation than the Book of Exodus. During their journey from a life of slavery and death to a life of freedom, the Israelites learned who God was, and the kind of people He wanted them to be. They learned that God’s law was the true freedom. This commentary helps the readerunderstand the text and the experience of the Exodus. Ideal for adult courses, university classes, and people who simply want to know more about the Scriptures.
Exodus 1-18, Anchor Bible Commentary
By William Propp / Random House, Inc.
In this masterful translation and analysis, you’ll explore events centered around the conflict between God and pharaoh, from the birth of Moses to manna falling from the skies. Exhaustive, meticulous, and brilliantly researched, Propp’s commentary will soon be regarded as the definitive analysis of what’s considered to be the heart of the Hebrew Bible. 672 pages, hardcover from Doubleday.
Exodus chaps. 19-40: Anchor Yale Bible Commentary [AYBC]
By William H.C. Propp / Yale University Press
The long-awaited conclusion of William H. C. Propp’s masterful study of Exodus, this informative, clearly written commentary provides a new perspective on Israelite culture and on the role of ritual, law, and covenant in biblical religion.Exodus 19-40 sets a new standard in biblical scholarship. Thorough and up-to-date, it is the first commentary on Exodus to include critical textual evidence from the recently edited Dead Sea Scrolls. Informed by Propp’s deep understanding of ancient cultural mores and religious traditions, it casts new light on the Israelites’ arrival at Sinai, their entry into a covenant with God, their reception of the Law, their worship of the golden calf, and their reconciliation to God.
The incisive commentary on the building of the Holy Tabernacle-God’s wilderness abode-is supplemented by numerous illustrations that clarify the biblical text. Propp extends the scope and relevance of this major work in five appendices that discuss the literary formation of the Torah, the historicity of the Exodus tradition, the origins of Israelite monotheism, the Exodus theme in the Bible, and the future of Old Testament scholarship. By taking an anthropological rather than strictly theological approach, Propp places familiar stories within a fresh context. The result is a fully accessible guide to one of the most important and best known books of the Bible.
Commentaries on the Ten Commandments
The Ten Commandments: Interpretation: Resources for the Use of Scripture in the Church
By Patrick D. Miller / Westminster John Knox Press
In addition to being one of the finest commentaries on the market today, WJK press’ Interpretation series, with the release of its new thematic oriented commentaries, has also become, arguably, the most dynamic. Moving beyond commentaries that focus on entire books of the Bible,Interpretation will now focus on “enduring passages” of Scripture seeking to garner not only acritical understanding of a given passage in its original context and historical setting, but also seeking to construct and articulate a theology out of that is relevant for our modern world. In this volume, The Ten Commandments Patrick Miller sets forth an understanding of theTen Commandments rooted in their original context, but also illuminates their prominence in the New Testament, and their influence in Christian theological and ethical thinking throughout the centuries. Thus, in many ways this commentary serves as not only a historical, and critical commentary, but also as a theological commentary. How else could you write 446 pages on The Ten Commandments?
The Ten Commandments: The Heart of God for Every Person
By Rick Shepherd / Amg Publishers
Do you know anyone who has never broken any of the Ten Commandments? Why did God issue these laws for Israel and mankind if they are so difficult to live up to? What relevance do these laws etched upon ancient tablets have for us today? The Ten Commandments is a twelve-week, five-days-a-week, interactive study which provides a historical and cultural backdrop of the time the Commandments were issued, an in-depth look at each commandment and the spirit and overarching purpose of each law, and an intense look at how Jesus Christ is the culmination of the Ten Commandments. Readers will come to a refreshing understanding that the laws given to sinful man long ago are still relevant in that they point to the sinless perfection of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, our Savior who can live the spirit of these laws in us and through us.
I Am the Lord Your God: Christian Reflections on the Ten Commandments
By Carl E. Braaten & Christopher R. Seitz, eds. / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
This book explores the place of the Ten Commandments in modern civil society, their relation to the natural law, their relevance for Christian instruction, and how they can help bring clarity to contemporary ethical issues such as abortion, killing, homosexuality, lying, greed, and many others. Written by highly respected ethicists, theologians, and Bible scholars from across the Christian spectrum–Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, Methodist–this timely work argues for reclaiming the divine authority of the Ten Commandments and soundly demonstrates the practical role of Christian ethics in public life today.
The Ten Commandments: The Reciprocity of Faithfulness
By Edited by William P. Brown / Westminster / John Knox
Featuring new and classic essays surveying the scholarly, ethical, and biblical debate surrounding the Ten Commandments, Brown’s volume is divided into three sections: the history of interpretation, contemporary reflections on the Decalogue as a whole, and contemporary reflections on individual commandments. Contributors include Patrick Miller, Reginald Fuller, Walter Brueggemann, Marvin Cheney, and others. 416 pages, softcover from Westminster/John Knox.
God’s Rules for Holiness: Unlocking the Ten Commandments
By Peter Masters / Wakeman Trust
Taken at face value the Ten Commandments are binding on all people, and will guard the way to Heaven, so that evil will never spoil its glory and purity. But the Commandments are far greater than their surface meaning, as this book shows. They challenge us as Christians on a still wider range of sinful deeds and attitudes. They provide positive virtues as goals. And they give immense help for staying close to the Lord in our walk and worship. The Commandments are vital for godly living and for greater blessing, but we need to enter into the panoramic view they provide of the standards and goals for redeemed people.
The Ten Commandments: A Preaching Commentary
By John Holbert / Abingdon Press
This book, the first in the Great Texts series from Abingdon, offers a preaching commentary on the Ten Commandments, which includes exegetical and homiletical resources for the pastor. Holbert seeks to provide the context for the commandments and their relationship to other parts of the Hebrew Bible. He also seeks to show how the New Testament writers viewed and used the Ten Commandments, as well as the history of their influence in both Christian and Jewish communities. Walter Brueggemann calls this book a “mediation between critical background and contemporary pertinence” and a “welcome addition” to the corpus of publications about the Ten Commandments.
The Ten Commandments: The Significance of God’s Laws in Everyday Life
By Laura Schlessinger / Harpercollins Publishing
The first direct communication from God, the Ten Commandments are the blueprint of His expectations of us, moral principles that focus on real-life issues relating to God, family, sex, work, charity, property, speech, and thought. Now, acclaimed psychotherapist Dr. Laura Schlessinger offers a fascinating exploration of these sacred precepts. Written in collaboration with Rabbi Stweart Vogel, The Ten Commandments incorporates lively discussion on the Bible and the Judeo-Christian values derived from it. With Dr. Larua’s trademark wit, wisdom, and profound insight, this compelling volume enlightens, inspires, and entertains all who read it.
The Ten Commandments & Modern Society
By Stephen McDowell / Providence Foundation
Jesus Reiterated what all the Bible teaches: that God’s Law/Word, which is summarized by the Ten Commandments, contains principles that, if obeyed, produce life-life for men and nations–but, if ignored, produce death. Americas laws were based upon God’s higher law. This higher law, as summarized in the Ten Commandments, used to be taught to all Americans. It was greatly revered, and all looked to obey it. Today, few obey, revere, or even know His commands. Many people are doing all they can to remove any vestige of His law from our nation, claiming they are a great detriment to society. In 1980 the Supreme Court ruled in Stone v. Graham that the public schools of Kentucky could not display the Ten Commandments on the walls. The court said: “If the posted copies of the Ten Commandments are to have any effect at all, it will be to induce the schoolchildren to read, meditate upon, perhaps to venerate and obey, the Commandments. ” About 1. 7 million Americans are behind bars today- 1 in every 155. To learn to not steal or murder might not be too bad an idea to help deal with this problem. Marriages ending in divorce have increased exponentially in the last three decades–to learn not to commit adultery seems a pretty good idea. But in order to apply the principles of life contained in the Commandments, we must first know them. If they are not thoroughly underst00d, they will never be infused in the law and life of our nation.
Whatever Happened to the Ten Commandments?
By Ernest Reisinger / Banner Of Truth
Whatever happened to the Ten Commandments? Drawing extensively on the neglected Larger Catechism of the Westminster Assembly, this book examines the scope of each of the commandments in turn and helps us towards a right understanding of God’s perfect requirements for our lives. . One of the great strengths of this book, as of the Catechism, is the sheer quantity of Scripture quoted to show the duties required and the sins forbidden by each of the commandments.
The Ten Commandments
By William Barclay / Westminster / John Knox
William Barclay saw the Ten Commandments as the universal foundation of all things: the basic laws on human conduct in society and the cornerstone of community existence. Drawing on his vast knowledge of both Old and New Testaments, Professor Barclay examines the ways in which the Ten Commandments demand reverence for God and respect for humankind. This book shows you how the Ten Commandments, perhaps considered negative and outdated, can and do remain relevant today and still apply to our daily lives. This book is part of the William Barclay Library. This is an outstanding treatment of the Ten Commandments, mainly for its rich supply of the Jewish, Greek, and sometimes Roman backgrounds for each of the commands. The Jewish background, largely inaccessible to most Christian readers, is particularly helpful.
God Speak to Us, Ten Commandments
By Stanley Hauerwas / Abingdon PressPopular authors Hauerwas and Willimon explore the overarching question: What does it mean for us and the way we behave when we realize some of the truth about God?
The Ten Commandments
By Thomas Watson / Banner Of Truth
In this book Thomas Watson continues his exposition of the Shorter Catechism drawn up by the Westminster Assembly. Watson was one of the most popular preachers in London during the Puritan era. His writings are characterized by clarity, raciness and spiritual richness. The series of three volumes, of which this is the second, makes an ideal introduction to Puritan literature. There are few matters about which the Puritans differ more from present-day Christians than in their assessment of the importance of the Ten Commandments. The commandments, they held, are the first thing in Christianity which the natural man needs to be taught and they should be the daily concern of the Christian to the last.
In this book, Watson examines the moral law as a whole as well as bringing out the meaning and force of each particular commandment. In view of the important function of the law in Christian life and evangelism this is a most valuable volume.
Covenant and Commandment: A Study of the Ten Commandments in the Context of Grace
By C. W. Christian / Smyth & Helwys Publishing, Inc.
It is Israel’s conviction that God is the kind of God who makes promises and keeps them. This conviction, as Christian contends, has given creative power and shape to the whole of Hebrew and Christian history. As the book continues, the author contends that the Hebrew law, especially that expression called the Ten Commandments, can best be understood as a joyful response to God’s covenant grace, a response that embraces every aspect of our being: community with God, with each other, and with God’s world. Each of the commandments is then examined to discover how it may provide guidance in living unto God and in human community. Ideal for either personal or group study on the nature and use of the Ten Commandments. A study guide with relevant questions is provided for reflection and discussion. Softcover, 188 pages.
Commentaries on the Tabernacle
The Tabernacle: Its Priests and Its Services, Updated Edition
By William Brown / Hendrickson Publishers
The tabernacle was the center of worship in ancient Jerusalem. Now the updated edition of William Brown’s classic The Tabernacle: Its Priests and Services allows you to visit this hallowed site. Detailed descriptions, sidebars, pull-outs, and 50 vivid illustrations portray the grandeur of this sanctuary and clearly explain the sacred rites that foreshadowed Christ’s coming. 232 pages, softcover, Hendrickson.
The Tabernacle Study Guide
By Ray Neu / Vision Video
The Tabernacle is one of the most significant concepts in the Bible. Physically, it was a tent used for worship in the wilderness. More importantly, however, the Tabernacle represented a focal point for spiritual understanding. It presented a plan of redemption that foreshadowed the coming of Jesus Christ. Today the Tabernacle provides insight into worship. This insight can help us develop a more intimate relationship with God. This workbook is designed to be used in conjunction with “The Tabernacle” video. It will provide you with a greater understanding of some of the Tabernacle’s important elements. You are encouraged to use this workbook as a starting place for additional study.
The Tabernacle, DVD
By Vision Video
Explore the ancient meeting place between sinful man and a holy God in this intriguing presentation. Stunning three-dimensional computer-generated depictions of the Table of Shewbread, the Altar of Incense, and the Ark of the Covenant bring hard-to-visualize Scripture passages to life. You’ll feel as if you’ve walked on holy ground, just as the priests once did. 28 minutes.
Kregel Pictorial Guide to the Tabernacle
By Tim Dowley / Kregel Publications
What was the purpose of the tabernacle? What did it look like? What is the relationship between the tabernacle and the temple? What finally happened to the Ark of the Covenant? Has the tabernacle any significance for the Christian today? All these questions–and many more–are answered in this fascinating and detailed description and history of the wilderness tabernacle. Illustrated with full-colored photographs of two recent replicas of the tabernacle, this guidebook offers the reader an engaging look at this extraordinary tent and how it functioned.
The Tabernacle, the Priesthood, and the Offerings
By Henry Soltau / Kregel Publications
This exhaustive and richly suggestive treatment of the Tabernacle, the priesthood, and the offerings is a classic in its field. The author minutely discusses every part of his subject, yet there is no undue straining of the types, nor fanciful spiritualizing. Throughout the book there is a wealth of direct, practical teaching regarding the daily life of the Christian and the maintenance of communion with God. Twenty-one illustrations, based on descriptions in the Old Testament and on archaeological discoveries, enhance the value of this work.
The Tabernacle of Moses
By Kevin Conner / City Christian Publishing
This book by Australian Bible teacher Kevin Conner strives to present readers with a reasonable working knowledge of the Tabernacle of Moses, finding in the elements of the Tabernacle insights that relate to the story of divine redemption. Study includes:
- A look at the significance of the Tabernacle layout
- An explanation of the Tabernacle’s place in Jewish society
- Design and symbolism of the Tabernacle furniture.
- Tabernacle construction and purpose
- And more.
The Tabernacle: Camping with God
By Stephen F. Olford / Kregel Publications
The tabernacle, the center of worship in Israel for nearly five hundred years, serves as a divinely inspired object lesson for New Testament believers on the worship God approves and accepts. Every part of the sanctuary of old was intended to foreshadow in some way the glory of Christ. The tabernacle was God’s place of dwelling among sinful people in the Old Testament, and in the New Testament, the picture became reality – Christ Himself came to dwell among sinful people. This book allows the modern reader to step into the world of the children of Israel, and see the tabernacle through the eyes of God’s chosen people.
The Tabernacle of Israel
By James Strong / Kregel Publications
What was the Tabernacle of Israel really like? How was this portable place of worship constructed? How did the priesthood function, and what role did the Tabernacle play in the life of the average person? What significance does the Tabernacle have for the Christian? These and many other questions are answered in this fascinating study of Israel’s first place of worship. One of the nineteenth century’s most respected Bible scholars, Dr. James Strong spent some thirty years of systematic study in preparing The Tabernacle of Israel. Using two broad categories for his study of the Tabernacle – its structure and its symbolism – Strong provides a detailed picture of the history, construction, function, and significance of Israel’s “tent of meeting. ” Also included are thirty-nine drawings and illustrations detailing the design of the Tabernacle and its parts.
By David Levy / Kregel Publications
The Tabernacle dominates fifty chapters in the Old Testament, while all of creation requires only two. Yet attaining an understanding of the design and significance of God’s first house among His people gets scant attention in most churches today. A proper understanding of the Tabernacle provides a graphic understanding of God’s redemptive program. It clearly pictures sinful man, holy God, and the incredible price required to bring the two together. A grasp of the Tabernacle’s sacrifices, services, and priesthood is prerequisite to a proper understanding of more than half the book of Hebrews, and countless other New Testament passages. Many books have been written on the Tabernacle, mostly focusing on its services, nearly omitting the priesthood and the various sacrifices but this book focuses on the Tabernacle in a simple, systematic way making it easy for beginners or long-time students to understand the Tabernacle.
What the Bible Says about the Tabernacle
By Leadership Ministries / Leadership Ministries Now, more than ever before, there is the need for a clear message to a world reeling under the weight of lawlessness, self-indulgence, and immorality. This world needs to learn two great lessons. First, God is holy. Being holy, God demands that people be holy, living righteous and pure lives. But people have failed, come ever so short of righteousness and purity. The world is far, far away from God, separated from God. There is a great gulf between people and God, a gulf so deep and wide that people can never reach God on their own. Second God is merciful. Therefore, God has provided a way for people to approach and worship Him. But a person must approach God correctly, exactly as God dictates. If a person so approaches God, God accepts and forgives the person. This study examines Scripture related to the Tabernacle and presents its interpretation in outline format, allowing for clear understanding. First, an outline organizes the Scripture passage, then comments are provided below, with thoughts added to enhance teaching and application.
The Holy Vessels & Furniture of the Tabernacle
By Henry Soltau / Kregel Publications
This invaluable aid to the study of the vessels and furniture of the Tabernacle offers the best in scholarship and devotion. The author shows how the furniture and its use all typify Christ. The typology is never wild or over-imaginative, but conservative and biblical. There is also an excellent summary of the history of the ark as recorded in the Scriptures. The ten full-color pages enhance the value of this classic work.
Outline Studies of the Tabernacle
By Ada Habershon / Kregel Publications
These are inspiring insights into the construction, erection and service of the tabernacle. This book contains all the scriptural references to the tabernacle and its furniture. This resourceful study can be used with profit by pastors, teachers, and all inquiring Bible students to discover and apply the significant spiritual truths the tabernacle contains.
Commentaries on Leviticus, the Third Book of Moses
Word Biblical Commentary: Leviticus, Volume 4
By John Hartley / Thomas Nelson
Although it is at the heart of the Pentateuch, the book of Leviticus is sometimes dismissed as dry and legalistic material with little relevance to modern religious concerns. But in this commentary Dr. John Hartley perceives that the message of Leviticus—the significance of pure worship and holy living—is also the heart of vital faith in any age. Amid the prescriptions for sacrifice and ritual to be observed by Israel in the wilderness, the author finds useful observations for the people of God today. The author’s sensitivity to theological concern makes this commentary useful in expository preaching. His introduction includes essays on the themes of holiness, God’s presence, the covenant, sacrifice, and the relation of Leviticus to the New Testament. Hartley is professor of Old Testament and Chair of the Department of Biblical Studies in the C. P. Haggard School of Theology at Azusa Pacific University. He holds degrees from Greenville College, Asbury Theological Seminary and Brandeis University.
Leviticus: A Continental Commentary
By Jacob Milgrom / Augsburg / FortressBuilding upon his life-long work on the Book of Leviticus, Milgrom makes this book accessible to all readers. He demonstrates the logic of Israel’s sacrificial system, the ethical dimensions of ancient worship, and the priestly forms of ritual.
Leviticus, New International Commentary on the Old Testament
By Gordon J. Wenham / Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Leviticus used to be the first book that Jewish children studied in the synagogue. In the modern church it tends to be the last part of the Bible that anyone looks at seriously. Because Leviticus is largely concerned with subjects that seem incomprehensible and irrelevant today, rituals for sacrifice and regulations concerning uncleanness, it appears to have nothing to say to twenty-first-century Christians. In this excellent commentary on Leviticus, Gordon Wenham takes with equal seriousness both the plain original meaning of the text and its abiding theological value. To aid in reconstructing the original meaning of the text, Wenham draws from studies of Old Testament ritual and sacrifice that compare and contrast biblical customs with the practices of other Near Eastern cultures. He also closely examines the work of social anthropologists and expertly utilizes the methods of literary criticism to bring out the biblical author’s special interests. In pursuit of his second aim, to illumine the enduring theological value of Leviticus, Wenham discusses at the end of each section how the Old Testament passages relate to the New Testament and to contemporary Christianity. In doing so, he not only shows how pervasive Levitical ideas are in the New Testament but also highlights in very practical ways the enduring claim of God’s call to holiness on the lives of Christians today. This is an excellent commentary on Leviticus that I use whenever I study this pivotal OT book. Wenham’s comments on the book’s theology help to orient the modern student to God’s revelation of holiness and sanctification under the Mosaic covenant. —Steve
Walk Leviticus, Softcover
By Jeffrey Enoch Feinberg, PhD / Messianic Jewish Publishers
- Follows the weekly Torah Includes a beginner’s look at the Hebrew language in a very easy-to-understand manner
- Emphasizes traditional Jewish and Messianic interpretation that focuses on personal application
- Helps you relate the ancient Scriptures to your daily walk.
Leviticus, Concordia Commentary
By John Kleinig / Concordia Publishing House
The Concordia Commentary Series: A Theological Exposition of Sacred Scripture is written to enable pastors and teachers of the Word to proclaim the Gospel with greater insight, clarity, and faithfulness to the divine intent of the biblical text. Authors are sensitive to the rich treasury of language, imagery, and themes found throughout Scripture, including such dialectics as Law and Gospel, sin and grace, death and new life, folly and wisdom, demon, possession and the arrival of the kingdom of God in Christ. Careful attention is given to the original Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek. Further light is shed on the text from archaeology, history, and extrabiblical literature. Finally, Scripture’s message is applied to the ongoing life of the church in terms of ministry, worship, proclamation of the Word, Baptism, the Lord’s Supper, confession of the faith–all in joyful anticipation of the life of the world to come. This commentary explores how each chapter of Leviticus finds its fulfillment in Jesus Christ – His earthly life, atoning death, resurrection, and ongoing ministry in the heavenly sanctuary on behalf of His people on Earth. Using the methods of ritual analysis, it examines the agents, enactment, and theological purpose of each of the instructions given in the divine speeches in Leviticus.
Leviticus, Interpretation Commentary
This volume focuses on the history of Israel during the time when Israel’s life was marked by the various ritual sacrifices and observances commanded by God for the ordering of the nation’s life. It brings an understanding of what the text says into dialogue with the critical questions and problems of contemporary life and faith. This commentary was planned and written specifically for teaching and preaching needs, and is a contribution to the general ministry of the Word in today’s world.
The Preacher’s Commentary, Vol. 3: Leviticus (E-Book edition)
By Gary W. Demarest
The Preacher’s Commentary gives the reader an overall outline of each book of the Bible. Following the introduction, which reveals the author’s approach and salient background on the book, each chapter of the commentary provides the Scripture to be exposited. The New King James Bible has been chosen for the Preacher’s Commentary because it combines with integrity the beauty of language, underlying Hebrew and Greek textual basis, and thought-flow of the 1611 King James Version, while replacing obsolete verb forms and other archaisms with their everyday contemporary counterparts for greater readability. Reverence for God is preserved in the capitalization of all pronouns referring to the Father, Son, or Holy Spirit. Readers who are more comfortable with another translation can readily find the parallel passage by means of the chapter and verse reference at the end of each passage being exposited. The paragraphs of exposition combine fresh insights to the Scripture, application, rich illustrative material, and innovative ways of utilizingBy Gary W. Demarest /Thomas Nelson / W the vibrant truth for his or her own life and for the challenge of communicating it with vigor and vitality. This outstanding commentary series just got better; now complete with sermons and teaching outlines at the beginning of each section.
Leviticus 1-16: Anchor Yale Bible Commentary [AYBC]
By Jacob Milgrom / Yale University Press
At the beginning of his academic career, author Jacob Milgrom determined to make his lifework a probing study of the Laws of the Torah. Here, with Leviticus 1-16, the first of three volumes on Leviticus, he has reached the pinnacle of his long pursuit. No other contemporary commentary matches Milgrom’s comprehensive work on this much misunderstood and often underappreciated biblical book.
In this richly detailed volume, the author traverses the shoals of legal thought and liturgical practice in ancient Israel. He clearly explains the role of the Tabernacle of the Wilderness as the all-important center of Israelite worship, the locus of the priestly orders, sacrificial rituals, and practices of purity to which the congregation repaired for penitence and reconciliation, restoration and renewal. At the heart of the dwelling place of God was the real presence of the God of Israel, present through his splendor in the midst of the camp and the congregation – a permanent sign of the unique privilege and responsibility of Israel, perceived as a worshipping and serving people.
Leviticus 17-22, Anchor Bible Commentary
By Jacob Milgrom / Random House, Inc.
Leviticus 17-22 brings us to the heart of the book. These chapters mainly focus on the practice of holiness required of priest and laity alike. With its English translations that convey the nuance and power of the original Hebrew, this trilogy will take its place alongside the best of the Anchor Bible Commentaries. 625 pages, hardcover from Random House (The page numbering begins on 1267, picking up where the previous volume on Leviticus ended).
Leviticus 23-27: Anchor Yale Bible Commentary [AYBC]
By Jacob Milgrom / Yale University Press
Jacob Milgrom, a rabbi and Bible scholar, has devoted the bulk of his career to examining the laws of the Torah. His incisive commentary on Leviticus, which began with Leviticus 1-16, continues in this last volume of three. It provides an authoritative and comprehensive explanation of ethical values concealed in Israel’s rituals. Although at first glance Leviticus seems far removed from the modern-day world, Milgrom’s thoughtful and provocative comments and notes reveal its enduring relevance to contemporary society.Leviticus 23-27 brings us to the climactic end of the book and its revolutionary innovations, among which are the evolution of the festival calendar with its emphasis on folk traditions, and the jubilee, the priestly answer to the socio-economic problems of their time.With English translations that convey the nuance and power of the original Hebrew, this trilogy will take its place alongside the best of the “Anchor Bible Commentaries.”
Commentaries on Numbers, the Fourth Book of Moses
Word Biblical Commentary: Numbers, Volume 5
By Philip Budd / Thomas Nelson
The Word Biblical Commentary is known for its scholarly and critical approach to the scriptures. Philip J. Budd is Lecturer in Old Testament at Westminster College, Oxford and Ripon College, Cuddesdon, England. He has the BA, DipTh, and MLitt from Durham University, and the PhD from Bristol University. The Word Biblical Commentary delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars of our day who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. This series emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology. These widely acclaimed commentaries serve as exceptional resources for the professional theologian and instructor, the seminary or university student, the working minister, and everyone concerned with building theological understanding from a solid base of biblical scholarship.
Numbers, New International Commentary on the Old Testament
By Timothy Ashley / Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
The book of Numbers tells the story that has two main character: God and Israel. Yet Numbers can be complicated and confusing for students, exegetes, and pastors to unravel the importance of Numbers: exact obedience to God. Timothy Ashley removes much of the confusion by dividing the Hebrew text into five major sections and showing how each section contributes to the entire book’s theological themes of obedience and disobedience. His detailed verse-by-verse comments are intended primarily to explain the text rather than to speculate on how the book came to be in its present form. The introduction includes an extended bibliography.
The Preacher’s Commentary Volume 4: Numbers
By James Phillip / Thomas Nelson / W
General editor Lloyd J. Ogilvie brings together a team of skilled and exceptional communicators to blend sound scholarship with life-related illustrations. This commentary provides an overall outline of Numbers. Following the introduction, the author describes his approach and gives the salient background for the book. Each chapter provides the Scripture to be exposited, based on The New King James Bible, chosen for its combination of integrity and the beauty of its language, underlying Hebrew and Greek textual basis, and thought-flow of the 1611 King James Version, while replacing obsolete verb forms and other archaisms with their everyday contemporary counterparts for greater readability. Readers who are more comfortable with another translation can readily find the parallel passage by means of the chapter and verse reference at the end of each passage being exposited. The paragraphs of exposition combine fresh insights to the Scripture, application, rich illustrative material, and innovative ways of utilizing the vibrant truth for his or her own life and for the challenge of communicating it with vigor and vitality.
Numbers, Interpretation Commentary
By Dennis Olson / Westminster / John Knox (PUBWestminster/John Knox)
Numbers recounts the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness until the people of Israel reached the Promised Land. Many of these stories (e. g., the murmuring of Aaron and Miriam, the manna from heaven, Moses’ striking of the rock to obtain water, and Balaam’s ass) are rich material for preaching and teaching. 208 pages, hardcover.
Commentaries on Deuteronomy, the Fifth Book of Moses
Word Biblical Commentary – Deuteronomy 1:1 – 21:9, Revised, Volume 6A
By Duane Christensen / Thomas Nelson
As perhaps the most comprehensive conservative critical commentary available today, this revision of Deuteronomy 1.1-11.32, Vol. 6a toDeuteronomy 1. 1-21. 9, Vol. 6a is very welcome and makes the both the two volume set more accessible and rounded out. It completely revised and updated, and contains numerous maps, illustrations, and perhaps the best available bibliography contained in any commentary on Deuteronomy. As a Law book, Deuteronomy is essentially Israel’s national, or founding legislative document. Continuing from this perspective, Duane Christensen, seeks to make his readers aware of the critical issues regarding the book by examining its background, text, and socio-cultural setting. This commentary is certainly one of the best available on Deuteronomy and promises to be a valuable resource into the future.
Deuteronomy 21:10 – 34:12
By Duane Christensen / Thomas Nelson
Fifty scholars committed to the authority of Scripture as divine revelation. 60 volumes of the best critical scholarship. The end result: the Word Biblical Commentary series, which “harvests the important historical, textual, literary and archaeological discoveries to serve the needs of professional scholars and teachers, students of the Bible and of theology, working ministers, and anyone who wants a theological understanding from Scripture. “To that exalted series, you can now add the second half of Duane Christensen’s insightful analysis of Deuteronomy, covering Deut. 21:10-34:12. Christensen sees Deuteronomy as a “didactic poem, composed to be recited publicly to music in ancient Israel within a liturgical setting,” and places it squarely in the center of ancient Israelite worship. Focusing on the literary, theological and social issues of Moses’ day, Christensen brings new understanding to the practical implications of the Sinai covenant and the artistic and literary structures of Deuteronomy. His analysis and insight may well restore Deuteronomy to its rightful place in the worship of God’s people.
Deuteronomy, Holman Old Testament Commentary, Volume 4
By Doug McIntosh / Broadman / Holman
Manna from heaven, wandering in the desert, the Ten Commandments, Moses’ last charge to his people . . . the Book of Deuteronomy is filled with stirring images and timeless, divine truths. Doug McIntosh’s Deuteronomy: Holman Old Testament Commentary helps you understand and effectively communicate those truths to today’s Christians. Features verse-by-verse exposition, teaching outlines, discussion questions, quotes, illustrations, principles, applications, and more. 400 pages, hardcover, Broadman & Holman.
The Preacher’s Commentary Vol 5: Deuteronomy
By John Maxwell / Thomas Nelson / W
Deuteronomy reveals the relational covenant between God and His chosen people and its relational and legal principles guide us into deeper intimacy with our Heavenly Father. Deuteronomy is also a rich vein from which leadership can be learned. Best-selling author John Maxwell draws upon his vast experience and allows Moses to speak definitively to contemporary generations. The Preacher’s Commentary Series combines historical setting and textual interpretation with spiritual insights and contemporary illustrations that are specifically designed for those endowed with the privilege of communicating God’s Word. The end result is a commentary by preachers/teachers for other preachers/teachers that is the ultimate resource for sermon and lesson preparation.
Deuteronomy: Apollos Old Testament Commentary
By J. G. McConville / Inter-varsity Press
Explore Deuteronomy’s theological dimensions and discover a divinely ordered society that recognized the frailties of God’s imperfect people. Treating this book as a finished work rather than a source-critical compilation, McConville views it as the radical blueprint—both spiritual and political—for the life of a profoundly unique people within the context of the ancient world. 448 pages, hardcover from Intervarsity.
Deuteronomy, New International Commentary on the Old Testament
By Peter C. Craigie / Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Interpreting Deuteronomy from a conservative perspective, Peter C. Craigie highlights the centrality of the book’s theme of a covenant commitment while also taking great care to demonstrate how Deuteronomy is a book with considerablecontemporary relevance. He uses resources of recent research in Old Testament studies to effectively bridge the gap of more than three thousand years that separates the modern reader from the events described in Deuteronomy, this clarifying the primary message of the text for the modern reader.
Abingdon Old Testament Commentary: Deuteronomy
By Walter Brueggemann / Abingdon Press
Brueggemann takes full account of the most important current scholarship and secondary literature, while not attempting to summarize that literature or to engage in technical academic debate. The fundamental concern of this volume is analysis and discussion of the literary, socio-historical, theological, and ethical dimensions of the biblical texts themselves. Brueggemann attends to issues of special concern to students of the Bible: literary genre, structure and character of writing, occasion and situational context of the writing, wider social and historical context, the theological and ethical significance of the writing within these several contexts, and other similar issues. He shows the importance of the biblical book for the shape and substance of Israel’s faith. Deuteronomy gave classic articulation to the main themes characteristic of Judaism, and, derivatively, of Christianity. In examining the relationship of Israel to God, Brueggemann makes suggestions on how such covenant fidelity might be lived out by believers today.
Deuteronomy JPS Torah Commentary
By Jeffrey Tigay / Jewish Pub Society(PUBJewish Publication Society)
Now complete! The fifth and concluding volume in this highly touted series with Nahum Sarna as general editor and Chaim Potok as literary consultant. Each page contains the Hebrew, the JPS (TANAKH) translation, and notes and comments by a respected scholar who attempts to integrate both traditional and modern research. 520 pages, hardcover.