Bible in Hebrew and Greek

HEBREW OThebrew bible     GREEK OT     GREEK NT

  1. Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament)
    1. Online Texts of the TANAKH (The Hebrew Bible)
      1. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia – text for online reading (Hebrew only) | purchase print edition
      2. Hebrew/English (in parallel columns)
      3. Hebrew/English Interlinear (but words arranged left to right)
      4. Eng. transl. only
      5. Audio version (Mp3s of Hebrew only)
      6. Purchase: TANAKH, Jewish Publication Society Pocket Edition (Heb/Eng in parallel columns) | Hebrew/English (interlinear with NIV in par. col.) [TOP]
    2. Online Hebrew concordance
      1. G. V. Wigram – Englishman’s Hebrew Concordance: I: Aleph – Mem | II: Nun – Taw (1866)
      2. Strong’s – Hebrew Concordance (transliterated)
      3. For purchase: G. V. Wigram – Englishman’s Hebrew Concordance of the Old Testament (2006) Improved edition, coded to Strong’s concordance
  2. Text of the Hebrew Bible
    1. Manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible – Great Isaiah Scroll 100 BCE, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls | Aleppo Codex about 900 CE | Codex Leningradensis 1008 CE Intro. to Codex Leningradensis >>
    2. Textual Transmission & Criticism of the Hebrew Bible
      1. F. Buhl – History of the OT Text (1892)
      2. Purchase: Ernst Würthwein – The Text of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Biblia Hebraica (2nd ed., 1994)
      3. Purchase: Adrian Schenker, ed. – Earliest Text of the Hebrew Bible: Relationship between Masoretic Text & Hebrew base of LXX (2003)
  3. Hebrew language studies
    1. Online resources
    2. Purchase: R. Fuller & K. Choi – Invitation to Biblical Hebrew • Workbook • DVD •  Entire set | Basics of Biblical Hebrew (with CD) (2003)
    3. Marcus Jastrow – Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1903).
  4. Septuagint (LXX) (Greek translation of Hebrew Bible, made c. 250 BCE and later)
    1. Intro. to the OT in Greek by H. B. Swete (2d ed., 1914)
    2. Septuaginta (Rahlfs-Hanhart, 2d rev. ed.) – text for online reading (Greek only) | purchase R-H, rev. ed.
    3. Greek text with Eng. transl. in parallel column
    4. List of LXX manuscripts (based on Swete’s Intro.)
    5. Eng. transl. of LXX by L. C. L. Brenton, 1851
    6. Comparison of Brenton’s transl. with Masoretic Text (KJV) verse by verse
    7. Purchase: Invitation to the Septuagint by Karen H. Jobes & Moisés Silva | Scholarly ed. | Greek/Eng. (in par. col.)
  5. Canon of the Old Testament
    1. H. E. Ryle – Canon of the OT (1892)
    2. F. Buhl – Canon and Text of the OT (1892)
    3. G. Wildeboer – The Origin of the Canon of the OT (1895)
    4. For purchase: William Webster – The Old Testament Canon and the Apocrypha (2003)
  6. Greek Scriptures (New Testament)
    1. Online Greek texts of the New Testament | Erwin Nestle – How to Use a Greek New Testament (1951)
      1. Novum Testamentum Graece (Nestle-Aland 28th ed.) – text for online reading (Greek only) | purchase N-A, 28th | purchase N-A, 28th with ESV on facing pages
      2. United Bible Societies, 5th ed. – text for online reading (Greek only) | purchase UBS4
      3. Eclectic Greek text (Nestle/Aland 26th ed.)
      4. Original Nestle text (1898) – no Greek font needed to view
      5. Byzantine-type text (Robinson-Pierpoint, 2000 ed. – similar to Textus Receptus)
      6. Greek/English Interlinear (Scrivener’s text base for KJV, in uncial script)
      7. Society of Biblical Literature Greek New Testament with critical apparatus
      8. Greek text with online critical apparatus
    2. Concordance of the Greek New Testament
      1. Online concordance to the Greek New Testament (Text: Nestle-Aland, 26th edition)
      2. Moulton-Geden concordance to Greek NT
      3. G. V. Wigram – Englishman’s Greek Concordance: Alphabetical Index
      4. Purchase: Updated Englishman’s Greek Concordance
  7. Text of the Greek New Testament
    1. Manuscripts of the Greek New Testament – List of MSS – Dating of NT MSS | Purchase: D. C. Parker – An Introduction to the New Testament Manuscripts and Their Texts (2008, pb: 2015) [TOP]
      1. Papyri – p45 | p46 | p52 | p66 | p72 | p75 | p115 | Extensive list of NT papyri
      2. Uncials – Sinaiticus (Aleph, 01) | Alexandrinus (A, 02) | Vaticanus (B, 03) | Ephraemi Rescriptus (C, 04) | Bezae (D, 05) | Laudianus (E, 07) |Boernerianus (Gp/012) | Washingtonianus (W, 032) | Koridethi (Q, 038) | Extensive list of NT uncials
      3. Cursives – 165 | 1739 | 2060 | Extensive list of NT cursives
      4. Lectionaries – 809 | Extensive list of NT lectionaries
    2. Textual transmission & textual criticism of the Greek New Testament
      1. Short Intro. to NT textual criticism
      2. B. F. Westcott & F. J. A. Hort – NT in the Original Greek: Introduction (defense of proto-Alexandrian-type text, 1881, reprint 1896) | Abbrev. version
      3. John W. Burgon – The Revision Revised (defense of Byzantine-type text, 1883)
      4. B. H. Streeter – “Local & Standard Texts” (Early defense of the eclectic text, selected verse by verse, 1924)
      5. Bruce M. Metzger and Bart D. Ehrman – The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University, 2005).
      6. Purchase: Bruce M. Metzger – Textual Commentary on Greek NT | Simplified Textual Commentary
      7. Purchase: Kurt Aland & Barbara Aland – The Text of the New Testament (1989) [TOP]
  8. Koiné Greek language studies
    1. Moses Stuart – A Grammar of the NT Dialect (1834)
    2. R. C. Trench – Synonyms of the NT (7th ed., 1871) | Flip Book version | PDF version
    3. James H. Moulton – Grammar of NT Greek (Vol. 1: Prolegomena, 1906)
    4. Ernest DeWitt Burton – Syntax of Moods & Tenses in NT Greek (2nd ed., 1893) | 3rd ed., 1900 (PDF: 2.16 Mb)
    5. William E. Elliott – Conditional Sentences in the NT (PDF – 650 kb, 1981)
    6. Hermann Cremer – Biblico-theological Lexicon of NT Greek (1897)
    7. H. A. A. Kennedy – Sources of NT Greek or the Influence of the Septuagint on the Vocabulary of the NT (1895)
    8. E. A. Abbott – Johannine Grammar (1906)
    9. C. W. Votaw – The Use of the Infinitive in Biblical Greek (1896)
    10. Friedrich Blass – Grammar of NT Greek (1906)
    11. A. T. Robertson – A Grammar of the Greek NT in the Light of Historical Research (3d ed., 1919)
    12. Grammar of NT Greek: Online books & articles
    13. Online Analytical Greek Lexicon
    14. Liddell-Scott-Jones – Online lexicon of ancient Greek | Preface (1925, 1940)
    15. Thesaurus Linguae Graece (index for all ancient Greek) | Lite version
    16. Papyrology
    17. Other online resources [TOP]
    18. For purchase:
      1. Samuel Lamerson – English Grammar to Ace NT Greek (2004)
      2. Steve Singleton – Learn the Greek Alphabet: How to Vault the First Hurdle to Learning Greek (1998)
      3. G. A. Long – Grammatical Concepts 101 for Biblical Greek (2006)
      4. William Mounce – Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar (2003)
      5. Daniel B. Wallace – Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics (1996)
  9. Canon of the New Testament
    1. B. F. Westcott – General Survey of the History of the Canon of the New Testament during the First Four Centuries (1855)
    2. Purchase: Bruce M. Metzger – The Canon of the NT: Its Origin, Development, and Significance (1997)
    3. Purchase: Craig D. Allert – High View of Scripture? The Authority of the Bible and the Formation of the NT Canon (2007)
    4. Michael J. Kruger – Canon Revisited: Establishing the Origins and Authority of the New Testament Books (2012)